Nevus removal can be done for aesthetic or medical reasons. Both reasons are justified and completely secure.
Depending on the clinical and dermoscopic image, surgical nevus removal is approached. Each removed nevus must be sent for histopathological analysis to confirm the diagnosis.
It is necessary to consult a dermatologist if you notice the appearance of new nevus or if there is itching, redness, pain, change in shape, pigment change, disappearance of irregularly shaped nevus, scabies or bleeding.
If the nevus is in a place of constant irritation such as feet, nails, mustache, beard, it is advisable to dermoscopically monitor the nevus on an annual basis or remove it pre-emptively.
Removal of the nevus is done under local anesthesia, lasting up to 20 minutes. The stitches are removed after 7 to 14 days depending on where the nevus is removed.
Skin tumors are divided into benign and malignant forms. Benign skin tumors can be:
- Nevus – benevolent changes in skin and mucous membranes, of different shapes, sizes and colors. They should be periodically inspected (dermoscopy) and attention should be paid to phenomena such as itching, dandruff and bleeding. They are removed by surgical excision, the final diagnosis is made by pathohistological analysis.
- Papillomas – changes of viral origin, localized to the neck, upper arm, axillary cavity, under the breast, on the abdomen and groin. Most often they hang on the petal, the colors are skin and are removed by radio-excision.
- Lipomas – benign fat tumor. If not removed in time, it can reach giant proportions.
- Atheroma – occurs as a result of clogging of the sebaceous gland. It is surgically removed.
- Keratosis – change from yellowish to dark brown in color coccalised on exposed parts of the body. It is removed by radio waves.