Labiaplasty is a surgical procedure used for the correction and aesthetic change of the female genital lips (labia). The labia are folds of skin and mucous membrane around the vaginal opening, and they can vary in size, shape and appearance. Labiaplasty is often performed to change the appearance of the labia or to solve potential functional problems or discomfort. Enlarged labia minora is mostly a congenital problem. Enlarged labia minora or labia majora represent an aesthetic, psychosexual and functional problem in women.
Labiaplasty, surgery for enlarged labia minora, is a combination of reconstructive and aesthetic plastic surgery with the aim of reconstructing (reducing or reshaping) hypertrophic labia minora, so that they get their natural anatomical appearance and function. It is not a rare case that the labia minora is enlarged only on one side.
Pain during sexual intercourse, chronic irritation, difficulties in maintaining personal hygiene, these are all reasons to undergo this simple operation under local anesthesia.
There are two main types of labiaplasty:
- Reductive labiaplasty: This procedure is used to reduce or shorten excessive labia, ie. labia that are larger or elongated in relation to the desired appearance or that may cause discomfort during sexual intercourse, exercise or wearing tight clothing. In reductive labiaplasty, excess tissue is removed and the labia are shaped according to the desired appearance. The excess is removed using a surgical technique and, if necessary, an additional reconstruction of the labia minora is performed or asymmetry is corrected. The patient leaves the clinic 2 hours after the operation.
- Augmentative labiaplasty: This procedure is used to enlarge labia that are smaller or irregularly shaped. It may involve transplanting your own fat tissue or using fillers to achieve the desired shape and fullness of the labia.
Labiaplasty is usually performed as an outpatient surgical procedure with local anesthesia or sedation, and the patient can leave the hospital the same day.
Fine resorbable threads are used, which are spontaneously lost during the next few days when maintaining personal hygiene.
Recovery is quite individual and varies from person to person. Patients are generally able to return to normal work activities 2 to 3 days after surgery. Engaging in sports activities is not advised until 4 weeks after surgery. Sexual abstinence is necessary for up to one month after operative correction.